HELP ME, IT IS A CAPTIVITY AND I NEED MY FREEDOM
There is a saying in every family, our children are the pillars of our struggle and commitments. Each parent owns their child as an asset which should be taken off with lots of warmth and eminence of admiration. State of affairs has transposed their legality and need. Child labour heard, seen, brawl to eradicate, laws enforced, and still an ongoing job.
What do you think ?. What is the reason for such Child Labour?.
The answer is many… Poverty Stricken Society says need to work for a living, vagabond says a matter of living where things go as per, cupidity for wealth by a less earner… adding points goes on and on………
"Child Labour" is often defined as work/activity that deprives children of their childhood, their prospects, and their regality and that is harmful to physical and mental development at a tender age.
Whatever the cause, child labour implies social inequality and discrimination which swindle girls and boys of their childhood. Unlike activities that help children to develop a sense of responsibility such as contributing to light housework or taking on a job during school holidays which act should be in the purview of the legal area of knowledge whereas child labour limits access to education and harm a child's physical, mental and social growth. Young age girls are driven from their daily course of activity and put them under the mighty the "triple burden" of school, work, and household chores heightens their risk of falling into wring traps as lack of awareness and education, making them even more vulnerable to poverty and exclusion which becomes prone to a victim for the cases where justice is still a question.
FELONIOUS ACTIVITY/CRIME CAN BE CATEGORISED:
1. Mentally, physically, socially, or morally dangerous trigger to children.
2. Interferes with their schooling and getting education by divesting them of the opportunity to attend school, obliging them to leave school before their convocation, or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work at the field.
3. being exposed to harmful chemical activity at industries, factories for cheap labour.
4. All forms of slavery practices being regarded as the sale and trafficking of children over different age groups, debt bondage, forced and compulsory labour, engaging to deceive people by innocence, etc.
5. The use, procuring, or offering of a child for prostitution in the slum areas and elder age group to personality with high power and using for the production of pornography or for pornographic performances to create a huge audience.
6. The use, procuring, or offering of a child for illicit activities, in particular for the production and trafficking of drugs as defined the relevant international treaties and includes illegal commodities.
7. work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety, or morals of children imposing a dark future with no improvement but creating a security issue in the country.
LAWS GOVERNING THE CHILD LABOUR ERADICATION
The Factories Act of 1948: The Act prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in any factory. The law also placed regulations on who, when and how long can pre-adults aged 15–18 years be employed in any factory.
The Mines Act of 1952: The Act prohibits the employment of children below 18 years of age in a mine. Past news and protest have led to many major accidents taking the lives of children are banned for them.
The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 1986: The Act prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous occupations identified in a list by the law.
The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection) of Children Act of 2000: This law made it a crime, punishable with a prison term, for anyone to procure or employ a child in any hazardous employment or bondage. This act provides punishment to those who act in violation of the previous acts by employing children to act like daily labourer work.
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act of 2009: The law bidding free and compulsory education to all children aged 6 to 14 years(age of puberty). This act has set the decree that 25 % of seats in every private school must be allocated for children from disadvantaged groups and physically challenged children.
Section 3 of 'The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 1986 provides for the 'Prohibition of employment of children in certain occupations and processes. The Schedule gives a list of hazardous activities which needed not to perform like They work in fields, in factories, down mines, as servants or maids, or selling goods in the street or at markets. Girls are more likely to get more laborious with less income and in place of boys cleaning, making food, and serving is the kind of work people anticipate from such. The prohibition of employment of children is not relevant to any workshop wherein any process is carried on by the occupier with the assistance of his family, or to any school established or receiving any kind of charitable gesture by the Government.
HOURS OF PERIOD AND WORK
No child shall be empowered to work in any establishment over the number of hours as cited in Section-7 of The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act of 1986.
Violations under Section-3 should be punishable with imprisonment which shall not be less than three months which may extend to one year or with a fine which shall not be less than ten thousand rupees but which may extend to twenty thousand rupees or with both. A continuing offense under section (3) shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to two years. Any other violations under the Act shall be punishable with simple imprisonment, which may extend to one month, or with a fine, which may extend to ten thousand rupees or with both.
A FAIR WARNING TO THOSE WHO CREATE A WORLD OF CHILD LABOUR NOT ABIDING BY THE PROHIBITION AND ACT
SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS ARE OPEN FOR THE CAUSE/RIGHT AND ACTIVISTS ON A MARCH TO BRING PEACE FOR CHILDREN.
RIGHT FOR ALL, DUTY FOR ALL
EFFORTS BY THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA TO CONTROL CHILD LABOUR
The child labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986 outlaw the employment of children below the age of 14 years in 16 occupations and 65 processes that are hazardous to the children's lives and health. National child labour projects have been implemented by the central government in states since 1988 to provide non-formal education and pre-vocational skills. Since 2001, SARVE SHIKSHA ABHIYAN has been launched to educate poor and employed children in all states. The Ministry of women and child development has been providing non-formal education and vocational training. The establishment of ANGANWADIES is also a big step by the government for the welfare of children and their physical, mental, and educational development.
NGO ASSOCIATION TO ERADICATE CHILD LABOUR
1. Child Rights And You (CRY).
2. CHILDLINE India Foundation
3. Save The Children India Started in 2008 and registered as Bal Raksha Bharat
4. SOS Children's Villages,
5. Bachpan Bachao Andolan.
6. Uday Foundation
7. Pratham Education Foundation
A HELPING HAND…….
A child is the future of our upbringings and their honesty needs to be put on the right path and crisis for survival is still a question, the government, NGOs, Human Rights Association, and Social Activist are there to help your child's need and future.